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Knowledge Bank



Medical Retina

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication of diabetes. It occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina, the light sensitive area at the back of the eye.

Natural Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy

In its early non-proliferative stage, the damaged blood vessels leak fluids and fat into the retina. If this occurs in the central part of the retina, macular edema develops. This is diabetic Maculopathy. Later, there is narrowing of the blood vessels which restricts blood flow to retina. This leads to abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina (proliferative stage), resulting in bleeding into the clear jelly in the centre of the eyeball (vitreous) and growth of abnormal fibrous tissues in the eye.

Vision may seem like this for patients with Diabetic Retinopathy:

We offer comprehensive OPD services and treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Primus 200 OCT: The Optical Coherence Tomography has been a valuable tool in detecting and quantifying macular edema
  • Laser PRP: Laser photocoagulation is done to reduce the risk of vision loss caused by diabetic retinopathy. Laser is used to destroy all the dead areas of retina where blood vessels have been closed. This treatment stabilises vision and prevent future vision loss.
  • Anti-VEGF Injections: We have the expertise to give Anti-VEGF Injections